El Grupo de los 20

Por: Lights Magazine

El G20 es el grupo de los 19 países y la Unión Europea con las economías más fuertes y sistemas políticos estables, teniendo como antecesor al G7.
Cuerpo de texto
No hay un documento que indique quiénes sí o no son aceptados, pero se entiende que pertenecen únicamente los países con mayor relación comercial y legal, y que representan el 85% del PIB mundial. En sus reuniones se busca dar soluciones ante las crisis, promover el libre comercio y el crecimiento económico.
El pasado 29 y 30 de noviembre se llevó a cabo la última reunión del grupo en Argentina, país que tiene la inflación más alta del G20. Esta reunión se llevó a cabo durante un ambiente de tensión: Donald J. Trump canceló la reunión con su homólogo ruso Vladimir Putin por su situación con Ucrania; ante el aparente descontento Justin Trudeau se firmó el nuevo acuerdo comercial entre Canadá, Estados Unidos y México y se recibió al rey de Arabia Saudita a quien se le acusa de la muerte del periodista saudí que trabajaba para The Washington Post, en su embajada en Turquía. Este año los principales ejes de la agenda fueron el cambio climático y el libre comercio.
Aunque Estados Unidos se mantuvo firme en su salida del Acuerdo de París respecto al cambio climático, reafirmó su interés en el crecimiento comercial utilizando todas las fuentes de energía y tecnologías que protegen al medio ambiente.

¿Cuál es el rol de un sherpa en el G20?
Son los representantes de los líderes del G20 y quienes los preparan sobre la agenda, temas a discutir y lo negocian a su nombre. Además del sherpa, cada país tiene un ministro que lo representa en un tema particular.
¿Qué son los Grupos de Afinidad?
Son los grupos de la sociedad civil que se reúnen varias veces al año y en ellos se destacan los puntos que se deberían de llevar a la Cumbre, para que después los líderes del G20 decidan si se llevan o no. Estos grupos son: Business 20, Civil 20, Labour 20, Science 20, Think 20, Woman20 y Youth 20.
¿Qué países integran el Grupo de los 20?
– Alemania
– Arabia Saudita
– Argentina
– Australia
– Brasil
– China
– Canadá
– Corea del Sur
– Estados Unidos
– Francia
– Indonesia
– India
– Italia
– Japón
– México
– Reino Unido
– Rusia
– Sudáfrica
– Turquía

En la Cumbre del G20 participan autoridades del Fondo Monetario Internacional, el Banco Mundial, la OCDE y el Foro de Estabilidad Financiera.
La próxima reunión será en Japón 2019, país que a partir del 1º de diciembre, su primer ministro será Shinzo Abe.

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